The Indian Removal Act was passed by president Andrew Jackson. This act was meant to open up settlement that was inhabited by the native americans east of the Mississippi River such as Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, North Carolina and other settlements where the Cherokees, Creeks, Chickasaws Choctaws and Seminoles lived. President Jackson stated that the removal of the indians would greatly strengthen the southweastern frontier. He also stated that " Clearing Alabama and Mississippi of their indian population would enable those states to advance rapidly in population, wealth, and power." Many owners were of mixed-blood children of white traders and indian women.